Bwindi Impenetrable National Park - "The ultimate gorilla experience"

Park at a Glance
• Size: 321km2
• Altitude: 1160m – 2607m above sea level.
• Bwindi was gazetted as a National Park in 1991 and
declared a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site in 1994.
• The Mubare gorilla group was the first to become
available for tourism in Uganda in April 1993. Nine
groups are now habituated for tourism and one for research.
• Spread over a series of steep ridges and valleys,
Bwindi is the source of five major rivers which flow into Lake Edward.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in South Western Uganda
is the most sought after world class tourist destination as it
harbours more than a half of the world's surviving mountain gorillas
listed as critically endangered species. Recognised by UNESCO as a
world heritage site in 1994, Bwindi (which locally refers to darkness
or impenetrable) was since 1942 a forest reserve before it was
elevated to a full national park in 1991.

Park Sizemap

The 321 km² national park is characterized by tangled vegetation,
draped over a deeply fissured landscape of steep slippery valleys
and high-draughty ridges. Its ever chilly weather and challenging
terrain offers unequalled ambience and serenity for the visitors
seeking to meet and interact with their closest cousins.
A trek through one of this Africa's most ancient rainforests, in search
of the endangered Mountain Gorillas, ranks among the world's
premier wildlife encounters.


By Roads
Bwindi National Park is about 530km from Kampala, the capital city.

The park can be reached by road from several directions that include:
rough Queen Elizabeth National Park (Mweya) - via Kihihi to
Buhoma. is route passes through Queen Elizabeth National Park's
southerly Ishasha sector, providing a chance for the tourists to stop
and search for the famous tree-climbing lions. BINP is 160km from
Mweya and 64km from Ishasha.
From Kampala
You can also access Bwindi Impenetrable
National park via Kabale through Kanungu to
Buhoma 5-6 hours journey); Ntungamo via Rukungiri through Kihihi
to Buhoma (5-6 hours journey); via Kabale-Ruhija-Buhoma (5-6
hours journey); Kabale-Nkuringo (6-7 hours journey); Kisoro-
Rubuguri/Nkuringo (2hrs journey)
Note: 4x4 vehicle is recommended for Bwindi visit
By Air
Travellers can fly from Entebbe Air port or Kampala (Kajjansi airfield)
to the tarmac airstrip at Kisoro town. Visitors to Buhoma can also
charter planes to Kayonza (near Butogota) or Savannah (Kihihi) and
Ishasha airstrips. Prior transport arrangement for transfer to the
park is recommended.


Flora and fauna
Bwindi supports a tremendous biodiversity as a result of three
major factors. Its slopes extend over a broad altitudinal range of
1447m to create habitats ranging from lowland forest at 1160m to
rare Afromontane vegetation above 2600m. It is also extremely old
and part of the exceptionally rich Albertine Rift Endemic area.
When most of Africa's forests disappeared during arid conditions of
the ice age (12,000-18,000 years ago), Bwindi was one of the few
'refugia' that persisted. Consequently, while most of today's forests
are no more than 12,000 years old, Bwindi's vegetation has been
weaving itself into tangles over at least 25,000 years, in the process
accumulating a lengthy species list. is includes 310 species of
butterflies, 51 reptiles, 200 trees, 88 moths and an exceptional 120
types of mammals.
Mountain Gorilla
Mountain gorillas live in structured groups with defined home
ranges. Bwindi has ten habituated gorilla groups that are tracked by
tourists. ree of these are in the vicinity of Buhoma, three at Ruhija,
while other four are tracked from the southern sector
Primate World
Bwindi National Parks boast of 10 species of primates including the
mountain gorilla. Other exceptional primate attraction in this impenetrable
forest includes chimpanzee, baboon, L'Hoest, red tailed and
blue monkey, black and white Colobus and the nocturnal bush
Birding bird
The varied habitats of Uganda's oldest forest mean it is the ideal
habitat for variety of birds, with over 350 species recorded, including
23 endemics (90% of all Albertine Rift endemics) such as the shorttailed
Warbler, Shelly's Crimson wing, African Green Broadbill and
Blue-headed Sunbird as well as seven IUCN red data listed species.
Easy to see are the African Emerald Cuckoo, Common Bulbul,
African Blue & White-tailed Flycatchers and Red-headed Bluebill.


Bwindi forest can be cold especially in the morning and at night; the
annual average temperature range is 70C-200C with the coldest
period being June and July. Warm clothing is required plus wet
weather gear since Bwindi receives up to 2390mm of rain per year.

Gorilla Trackingmap
Tracking is a captivation and unforgettable experience which more
than repays the effort needed to reach Bwindi and to trek through
the forest. Gorilla tracking can be challenging and one needs to be
reasonably fit before undertaking to venture into the activity. Registration
at Buhoma, Ruhija, Nkuringo and Rushaga visitor receptions
commences at 0730 hours with general briefings conducted at
0800 hours. Gorilla tracking starts at 8:30am and can last from a
few hours to a whole day depending on where the gorillas were left the previous day.
Gorilla tracking rules and regulations
To protect the gorillas and visitors, a number of rules and guidelines
have been set and must be adhered to. Ensure you get a copy of
these rules before going for gorilla trekking in Bwindi naitonal park.
How to book gorilla permits in Uganda

You can contact any registered and fully lienced tour operator/Agents in Uganda such as (Gorilla Uganda Bookings)

or Book direct from Uganda Wildlife Authority.

Email us on: for free safari information, gorilla trekking rules and regulations and gorilla permit booking at free of charge.